The Scottish ballad “Edward” from J. G. Herders anthology of folk songs “Stimmen der Völker in Liedern” made such a deep impression on Brahms that, as he told a friend, the melodies came to him effortlessly. “Edward” provided the motif for the first of four ballade compositions, musical tales of a dramatic romantic nature that were linked with memories of Clara Schumann for Brahms. Julius Grimm, to whom the pieces were dedicated, also said that “the Ballades are really for her”. Robert Schumannwas very enthusiastic about his young colleague’s composition. The renowned pianist Lars Vogt provided fingering for our Urtext edition of this easy-to-play work. We present the scholarly musical text following the soon-to-be-published volume in the Brahms Complete Edition.